An isotope is one of two or more species of atoms of a chemical element with the same atomic number and position in the periodic table and nearly identical chemical behavior but with different atomic masses and physical properties. In medicine, for example, cobalt-60 is extensively employed as a radiation source to arrest the development of cancer. Other radioactive isotopes are used as tracers for diagnostic purposes as well as in research on metabolic processes.
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Those isotopes which are unstable due to the presence of extra neutrons in their nuclei and emit various types of radiations are called radioactive isotopes. The radiations emitted are in the form of alpha particles, beta particles and gamma rays.
For eg :- carbon,hydrogen and chlorine.